Diabetes
Contact Us
  • District Office : 770.339.4260
  • Buford Center : 770.614.2401
  • Lawrenceville Center : 770.339.4283
  • Norcross Center : 770.638.5700
  • Lilburn WIC : 678.924.1546
  • Newton Center : 770.786.9086
  • Rockdale Center : 770.785.4345
  • Preventive Health : 678.442.6880
  • CMS : 770.339.4270
  • Gwinnett Environmental : 770.963.5132
  • Newton Environmental : 770.784.2121
  • Rockdale Environmental : 770.278.7340

 

Diabetes

The information below is from the American Diabetes Association. Please visit their website at http://www.diabetes.org/

 What is diabetes?

  • Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that the body needs to get glucose from the bloodstream into the cells of the body. With the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, even young children can learn to manage their condition and live long, healthy lives.

 

  • Type 2 Diabetes: Diabetes is a problem with your body that causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal. This is also called hyperglycemia. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. If you have type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly. Over time your body isn’t able to  make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, it can cause two problems – your cells become starved for energy and over time high blood glucose levels may hurt your eyes, kidneys, nerves or heart.

 

  • Diabetes Symptoms:
    • Urinating often
    • Feeling very thirsty
    • Feeling very hungry – even though you are eating
    • Feeling very tired
    • Blurry vision
    • Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
    • Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet

Are you at risk?

There are many things, called risk factors, that affect your risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Some of these risks you can change, like whether or not you smoke, and some you can’t, like your age. It’s important to know risk for diabetes and heart disease. Once you know your risk you can take steps to lower your risk, so you can lead a longer, healthier life.

  • Risk factors:
    • Overweight
    • high blood sugar
    • history of diabetes during pregnancy
    • high blood pressure
    • unhealthy cholesterol
    • physical inactivity
    • smoking
    • unhealthy eating
    • age, race, gender and family history

 

Lower your risk

Overweight: staying at a healthy weight can help you prevent and manage problems like type 2 diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, unhealthy cholesterol and high blood sugar.

Getting started: weight loss can be hard because it means making changes in the way you eat and in your physical activity.

Here’s what you can do to lose weight and keep it off:

  • Cut back on calories and fat
  • Be physically active most days of the week
  • Eat breakfast every day
  • Keep a record of your weight, what you eat and drink, and what you do for physical activity
  • It’s much easier to lose weight when you change the way you eat and also increase your activity

Healthy eating: eating healthy is one of the most important ways you can lower your risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease

  • Build a Healthy Plate
    • Use a grocery list when shopping for food to help you choose more fresh vegetables, fruits, and whole grains.
    • Buy leaner meats (such as chicken, turkey and lean cuts of pork or beef such as sirloin or round roast) and lower fat dairy products (like low-fat or skim milk and yogurt).
    • Buy whole grain breads and cereals.
    • Save money by buying less soda, sweets and chips or other snack foods.
    • Remember that special “dietetic” or “diabetic” foods often cost extra money and may not be much healthier than simply following the suggestions given here.
  • Physical activity:
  • Activity – walking, using stairs, moving around throughout the day
  • Aerobic exercise – brisk walking, swimming, or dancing
  • Strength training – lifting weights
  • Flexibility exercise – stretching, yoga
  • For more information on physical activity, please visit http://www.diabetes.org/are-you-at-risk/lower-your-risk/activity.html
  • Smoking: Smoking lowers the amount of oxygen that gets to your organs, which raises your bad cholesterol and raises your blood pressure. These can raise your risk of heart attack or stroke.

 

Diabetes Statistics

  • Physical inactivity: The percentage of adults that do not exercise regularly
    • Georgia: 25%
    • Gwinnett: 21%
    • Newton: 30%
    • Rockdale: 28%
  • Obesity: The percentage of adults with a BMI of 30 or more
    • Georgia: 29%
    • Gwinnett: 27%
    • Newton: 34%
    • Rockdale: 35%
  • Diabetes: The percentage of adults diagnosed with diabetes
    • Georgia: 11%
    • Gwinnett: 10%
    • Newton: 12%
    • Rockdale: 13%
Contact Us
  • District Office : 770.339.4260
  • Buford Center : 770.614.2401
  • Lawrenceville Center : 770.339.4283
  • Norcross Center : 770.638.5700
  • Lilburn WIC : 678.924.1546
  • Newton Center : 770.786.9086
  • Rockdale Center : 770.785.4345
  • Preventive Health : 678.442.6880
  • CMS : 770.339.4270
  • Gwinnett Environmental : 770.963.5132
  • Newton Environmental : 770.784.2121
  • Rockdale Environmental : 770.278.7340